The ‘Gänseliesel’ (Goose Girlis), a historical fountain erected in 1901, represents the most well-known landmark of the city of Goettingen.

Regulation of Private Military Companies

Alexander Kees



The increasing use of private military companies by states in armed conflict raises questions regarding the regulation of those non-state actors. However, even though the privatization of core state functions might be an emerging phenomenon with respect to its extent and quality, there is no legal vacuum for the activities of private military contractors. According to international humanitarian law, states must ensure respect for the ius in bello  and enforce applicable international law also with respect to private contractor personnel if they are charged with functions governed by international law. Against this background, the challenge for future regulation is on the national and administrative level. States must intensify their efforts to implement existing standards


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